[Review] Physical activity and skeletal health in adults

The purpose of this Review is to examine the associations between physical activity and skeletal health, with an emphasis on observational studies with fracture outcomes and randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of physical activity interventions in adults older than 40 years. In general, increased physical activity—primarily leisure time activity or moderate or vigorous physical activity—is associated with a 1–40% lower risk of hip and all fractures. The primary limitation of these studies relates to health status; healthy people are more likely to exercise and less likely to fracture.

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