To evaluate safety and efficacy of IONIS-PTP-1BRx, a second-generation 2'-O-methoxyethyl antisense inhibitor of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B, as add-on therapy in overweight patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled with metformin with or without sulfonylurea therapy.
In this phase II, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial, overweight and obese patients (BMI ≥27 kg/m2) with type 2 diabetes (HbA1c ≥7.5% [58 mmol/mol] and ≤10.5% [91 mmol/mol]) on a stable dose of metformin alone or with sulfonylurea were randomized 2:1 to IONIS-PTP-1BRx 200 mg (n = 62) or placebo (n = 30) once weekly for 26 weeks.
Mean baseline HbA1c was 8.6% (70 mmol/mol) and 8.7% (72 mmol/mol) in placebo and active treatment, respectively. At week 27, IONIS-PTP-1BRx reduced mean HbA1c levels by –0.44% (–4.8 mmol/mol; P = 0.074) from baseline and improved leptin (–4.4 ng/mL; P = 0.007) and adiponectin (0.99 μg/mL; P = 0.026) levels compared with placebo. By week 36, mean HbA1c was significantly reduced (–0.69% [–7.5 mmol/mol]; P = 0.034) and accompanied by reductions in fructosamine (–33.2 μmol/L; P = 0.005) and glycated albumin (–1.6%; P = 0.031) versus placebo. Despite both treatment groups receiving similar lifestyle counseling, mean body weight significantly decreased from baseline to week 27 with IONIS-PTP-1BRx versus placebo (–2.6 kg; P = 0.002) independent of HbA1c reduction (R2 = 0.0020). No safety concerns were identified in the study.
Compared with placebo, IONIS-PTP-1BRx treatment for 26 weeks produced prolonged reductions in HbA1c, improved medium-term glycemic parameters, reduced leptin and increased adiponectin levels, and resulted in a distinct body weight–reducing effect.